EXPERTISES

Changes in climate will have a profound impact on both human activities and ecosystems.





SOCIO-COMMUNITARIAN PRODUCTIVE EDUCATION


The professor Fidel Huaygua Zuna is the Director of a group of schools in the school district of Marcoma, in the villages of Ancocala, Yareta Kasa, Perka, Marcoma, Carts, and Quruñi. These schools are located in Municipality of Ocuri, in the province of Chayanta North in the department of Potosí.

The municipality has one of the most alarming rates of poverty. The food shortages due to the small production affect the health of the inhabitants, who show signs of malnutrition to different degrees. The most vulnerable population are the children, the pregnant women and the older adults. These people suffer more intensively from the consequences of these circumstances.

"Children belonging to the Quechua families spend much of the day in rural schools, where they eat the most important part of their daily food consumption. The children’s vulnerability is particularly high due to the lack of food. They receive a daily ration at the schools but the system is deficient, as the rations are only based on carbohydrates (flour and potato) granted by the WFP (World Food Programme). The rations are each year smaller and do not supply the nutritional needs. Because of that the school performance of the children is not satisfactory. For example in the school of Marcoma the children receive some food two days a week only for the breakfast and three days a week only for the lunch" says Professor Fidel, Marcoma’s director.

Sumaj Punchay, with the support of Manos Unidas, has provided to the children of the school in Marcoma new eating habits that improve their nutritional status and contribute to a healthy lifestyle, through comprehensive production and educational Units.

The project implemented greenhouses, poultry farms, and ecological stoves in each school building. These actions are a significant contribution the improvement in the children’s alimentation, because it gives them a varied and nutritious diet, hygienically prepared and which ensures their physical and intellectual development. The implementation of these actions has been designed to combat malnutrition and provide a better quality of life, not just to the children in the 12 communities but also for their families. We also conducted trainings in sustainable integrated production to children, teachers, school boards, fathers and mothers.

“As the Director of the group of school in the region of Marcoma I have seen the impacts of the profound changes in the field of nutrition. This better consumption of food is helping the physical and mental development of the children. On the other hand the students are dedicated to the care of the plants, and are capable of handling a horticultural and poultry production. For example they know the irrigation management, the cultural practices, the diseases and how to cure the plants. This is the result of the workshops they received. It has also improved the hygiene and food preparation when cooking and now with the new system we have the security of hygiene.

The board coordinates the project with the managers responsible for each educational unit in order to continue to implement the socio productive approach, in which teachers and students manage the agricultural production in a theoretical and practical way for the sustainability of the food security in the schools.

We promote and accompany the sustainability of the project by programming the socio production of each of the schools. We are taking the example of the project with the students, we will continue to participate to the food fairs within the municipality of Ocuri. The project is the model of the socio-communitarian productive education and has been managed with the municipality support for the production process to ensure the project sustainability" says Director Fidel.