EXPERTISES

Changes in climate will have a profound impact on both human activities and ecosystems.





CLIMATE CHANGE


Changes in climate will have a profound impact on both human activities and ecosystems, they will threaten agricultural production by changes in temperature, changes in rainy periods, and increased frequency of extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, hailstorms and snow that is directly affecting the food vulnerability of our country Bolivia. This is one of the reasons why Sumaj Punchay supports adaptation strategies for individuals, families and communities in order to reduce their vulnerability to the effects of climate changes. Development and capacity building, the use of alternative technologies, as well as access to water and irrigation infrastructure is essential to overcome these challenges, improve the adaptive capacity of agricultural activity to climate changes and protect the livelihoods of the most vulnerable populations.

Management and use of water resources

Water is an essential resource for life, in recent times the water is becoming ever scarcer and we must therefore look for ways to conserve and efficiently use this resource. All activities in rural areas are around water, agriculture, livestock and life itself. The main source of water comes from rainwater and because of the Climate Changes, the water scarcity is growing and it limits all these activities. The main challenge for Sumaj Punchay is to provide access to a clean, timely and safe water. In more than a decade we have gained experience in capturing water from springs and streams in storage tanks or reservoirs to a family or community level for the distribution and the use for the agricultural, livestock and human consumption. In this way, we strengthen food security of rural families, improve access to the water, increase the availability of safe and nutritious agricultural food and improve the production and increase the availability of income.


Soil management

The goods and services produced by the ecosystems are affected by multiple pressures of climate changes and that is why adaptation actions are not only limited to the storage of water which involves the establishment of reservoirs, but also these actions must be accompanied by efficient irrigation methods and an integrated agro-ecological management practices such as soil conservation (terracing, gully control, infiltration trenches, etc.) and improving its fertility.


Agroforestry Systems

The establishment of agroforestry systems is also one the major mitigation actions against climate changes. It involves a set of soil management technologies, water, nutrients and agricultural and forestry crops, which can reduce the risk and vulnerability of rural peasant families, helping them to adapt to climate changes. The stability generated by agroforestry farmers enables producers to reduce their risks and diversify their crops. These practices have also contributed to increase the availability of water in the watersheds.